Calculation of the intrinsic value of Artini Holdings Limited (HKG: 789)
How far is Artini Holdings Limited (HKG:789) from its intrinsic value? Using the most recent financial data, we will examine whether the stock price is fair by taking expected future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model is the tool we will apply to do this. This may sound complicated, but it’s actually quite simple!
We draw your attention to the fact that there are many ways to value a company and, like the DCF, each technique has advantages and disadvantages in certain scenarios. If you still have burning questions about this type of assessment, take a look at Simply Wall St.’s analysis template.
Check out our latest analysis for Artini Holdings
We use what is called a 2-stage model, which simply means that we have two different periods of company cash flow growth rates. Generally, the first stage is a higher growth phase and the second stage is a lower growth phase. In the first step, we need to estimate the company’s cash flow over the next ten years. Since no analyst estimate of free cash flow is available, we have extrapolated the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company’s latest reported value. We assume that companies with decreasing free cash flow will slow their rate of contraction and companies with increasing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow during this period. We do this to reflect the fact that growth tends to slow more in early years than in later years.
Generally, we assume that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today’s dollars:
Estimated free cash flow (FCF) over 10 years
|Leveraged FCF (HK$, Millions)||HK$3.43 million||HK$3.18 million||HK$3.03 million||HK$2.95 million||HK$2.91 million||HK$2.89 million||HK$2.89 million||HK$2.90 million||HK$2.92 million||HK$2.95 million|
|Growth rate estimate Source||East @ -10.93%||East @ -7.21%||Is @ -4.6%||Is @ -2.78%||Is @ -1.5%||Is @ -0.61%||Is 0.02%||Is at 0.46%||Is at 0.76%||Is 0.98%|
|Present value (HK$, millions) discounted at 6.5%||HK$3.2||HK$2.8||HK$2.5||HK$2.3||HK$2.1||HK$2.0||HK$1.9||HK$1.8||HK$1.7||HK$1.6|
(“East” = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
10-year discounted cash flow (PVCF) = HK$21 million
The second stage is also known as the terminal value, it is the cash flow of the business after the first stage. For a number of reasons, a very conservative growth rate is used which cannot exceed that of a country’s GDP growth. In this case, we used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (1.5%) to estimate future growth. Similar to the 10-year “growth” period, we discount future cash flows to present value, using a cost of equity of 6.5%.
Terminal value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = HK$3.0 million × (1 + 1.5%) ÷ (6.5%–1.5%) = HK$60 million Kong
Present value of terminal value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)ten= HK$60 million ÷ (1 + 6.5%)ten= HK$32 million
The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of future cash flows, which in this case is HK$53 million. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide it by the total number of shares outstanding. Against the current share price of HK$0.05, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Ratings are imprecise instruments, however, much like a telescope – move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Keep that in mind.
We emphasize that the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate and of course the actual cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own assessment of a company’s future performance, so try the math yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not take into account the possible cyclicality of an industry, nor the future capital needs of a company, so it does not give a complete picture of a company’s potential performance. Since we consider Artini Holdings as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which takes debt into account. In this calculation, we used 6.5%, which is based on a leveraged beta of 1.027. Beta is a measure of a stock’s volatility relative to the market as a whole. We derive our beta from the average industry beta of broadly comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable company.
Although the valuation of a business is important, it will ideally not be the only piece of analysis you will look at for a business. It is not possible to obtain an infallible valuation with a DCF model. Rather, it should be seen as a guide to “what assumptions must be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?” For example, changes in the company’s cost of equity or the risk-free rate can have a significant impact on the valuation. For Artini Holdings, we’ve compiled three additional factors for you to assess:
- Risks: We believe that you should evaluate the 2 warning signs for Artini Holdings (1 cannot be ignored!) that we reported before investing in the company.
- Other strong companies: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are essential to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with strong trading fundamentals to see if there are any other companies you may not have considered!
- Other environmentally friendly businesses: Are you concerned about the environment and do you think that consumers will buy more and more environmentally friendly products? Browse our interactive list of companies thinking about a greener future to discover actions you might not have thought of!
PS. The Simply Wall St app performs an updated cash flow assessment for each SEHK stock every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks, search here.
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This Simply Wall St article is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It is not a recommendation to buy or sell stocks and does not take into account your objectives or financial situation. Our goal is to bring you targeted long-term analysis based on fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not take into account the latest announcements from price-sensitive companies or qualitative materials. Simply Wall St has no position in the stocks mentioned.